How to Know if Your Metal Jewelry is Real

How to Know if Your Metal Jewelry is Real

We all know that the jewelry business can be quite the market to get tricked into spending a large amount of money. Don’t be fooled by the shinyness or the affordable price. Make sure you know your knowledge and DO YOUR RESEARCH prior to purchasing an item. This is no April Fool’s joke you need to know your jewelry before you make any type of purchase, large or small.

How to test if Your Jewelry is Fake

Lets start off with silver. Silver is a low priced metal which usually means being cloned is unlikely. Today according to a live price chart, silver is going for less than 0.75 cents a penny weight (dwt). There are three main ways of testing your silver to tell if it is real or not. The first is the hitting test. This sounds a lot more extravagant than it actually is. All you have to do is bang a random object against your silver product. Listen for an odd sound that silver usually makes when something hits it.

The next way of testing your silver is the nitric acid test. This is probably the easiest test to do. Just buy some nitric acid (chemical stores or an online chemical website should carry this product) once you have your nitric acid put a drop on your jewelry and if it turns a deep red color then your silver is real! Make sure if your silver product has a spot where it is scratched or tarnished to use that part so that you aren’t causing any further damage to your jewelry.

Gold. This is a tricky one. It is selling over 50 dollars per penny weight. If you have a product that is 5 penny weights you are going to be spending a lot just on the gold alone. That is why this type of metal is constantly copied. Luckily there are super easy at home tests that can help determine the fate of your gold jewelry. Before you start any type of tests, make sure your gold is marked with Karat marking. It should be indented somewhere on your jewelry 10k, 14k, 18k, 22k or 24k.

The first test is the unglazed ceramic plate test. This one is not fun because of the noise it will make, but it is one of the most simple and easiest ways to classify your gold into the real category. What you have to do for this test is take your one unglazed ceramic plate and take your piece of gold. Scrape the piece of jewelry against the plate. If the gold leaves a black mark on the plate it is not real. If there is a gold streak it is real.

Another test is similar to the sterling silver test. Use nitric acid. If your gold product turns green it is gold plated, if it turns a milky white color then it is sterling silver and if there is no type of reaction your gold is real.

This next test can be a bit complicated if you aren’t good at math. It involves the infamous formula, Density=Mass/Volume. You are going to test the density of your gold! This is the most accurate test to do. Start by measuring your gold in grams. Once this is done, fill up a vial with water. Don’t fill up the vial all the way and also make sure your vial has milometer markings on the side for a more precise measurement. Once you have filled up your vial. Place your gold inside the vial. Measure how much the water increases. Divide that by the weight of your gold and you should have a proper density measurement. Here is a list of the range of density the gold should be in order for it to be considered “real gold”

14k: 12.9-14.6 g/mL

18k Yellow: 15.2-15.9g/mL

18k White: 14.7-16.9g/mL

22k: 17.7-17.8g/mL

 

 

 

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